Comparative Studies of Caribbean and Atlantic World (GECCMA)

Researcher in charge: Consuelo Naranjo Orovio



The research group (GECCMA) aims to analyse the processes of shaping the Atlantic World and, in particular, the Greater Caribbean. Our purpose is to study the diverse realities of the Caribbean in a transversal way. The comparative analysis leads to the study of singularity, based on social, cultural, economic and urban history, and maritime archaeology.  In this wide space, economic and political systems, societies, cultures and identities were generated in a process of continuous transculturation. We are interested in the functioning of the Atlantic system since the 16th century generated by European expansion; the processes of territorialisation; the construction of frontier societies; and social racialisation in which class, "race" and gender intersect. The Greater Caribbean is a constitutive space of the Atlantic World. In this interaction, the enslavement of Africans and trade are key to the origin of capitalism and the World.

Within the Group Ana Crespo and Consuelo Naranjo Orovio have obtained two European projects:
-ITN, 2014-18: Forest resources for Iberian Empires: Ecology and Globalization in the Age of Discovery (16th-18th centuries): Ana Crespo, coordinator.
-RISE, 2019-24: Connected Worlds: The Caribbean, Origin of Modern World: Consuelo Naranjo Orovio, coordinator

Some members of the Group participate in the CSIC Interdisciplinary Thematic Platform: PTI-Pais. They have collaborated in the drafting of the CSIC White Paper: Book 13: Oceans, challenge "Ocean and Society".

The research lines developed by the members of the group are condensed into eight main themes:

1-Space and its representations
2-Maritime historical archaeology
3-African enslavement and its legacy in slave and post-slave societies in the Caribbean region
5-Transatlantic networks, cultural and scientific exchanges
6-Economic and Urban Patterns in the Greater Caribbean, 19th and 20th centuries
7-Studies on the origin and evolution of the concept of race, racism and xenophobia
8-Gender studies



Dept. of American Studies

Instituto de Historia (IH)

Research Groups